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Arrhythmias are abnormal rhythms of the heart. Arrhythmias cause the heart to pump blood less effectively. Most cardiac arrhythmias are temporary and benign. Most temporary and benign arrhythmias are those where your heart skips a beat or has an extra beat. The occasional skip or extra beat is often caused by strong emotions or exercise. Nonetheless, some arrhythmias may be life-threatening and require treatment.
Alternative Names of Arrhythmia are: Atrial Fibrillation; Irregular Heartbeat.
Complications of Arrhythmia
Certain arrhythmias may increase your risk of developing conditions such as:
Causes of Arrhythmia
Many types of heart disease cause arrhythmia. Coronary disease is often a trigger. It triggers arrhythmia because coronary heart disease produces scar tissue in the heart. This scar tissue disrupts the transmission of signals which control the heart rhythm. Some people are born with arrhythmias, meaning the condition is congenital. Atherosclerosis is also a factor in causing arrhythmia. Other medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure also are factors. Furthermore, stress, caffeine, smoking, alcohol, and some over-the-counter cough and cold medicines can affect your heart's natural beating pattern.
Signs & Symptoms of Arrhythmia
The most common symptoms of arrhythmia are:
Symptoms of bradycardia:
Symptoms of tachycardia:
Diagnosis of Arrhythmia
Many different techniques are used to diagnose arrhythmia. The techniques include:
Treatments of Arrhythmia
Treatment of arrhythmia depend on the type of arrhythmia, the patients age, physical condition and age. Methods are available for prevention of arrhythmia. These methods include relaxation techniques to reduce stress, limit intake of caffeine, nicotine, alcohol and stimulant drugs. Many arrhythmias require no treatment; they are naturally controlled by the body’s immune system. However if it is necessary that arrhythmias must be controlled, they can be controlled by drugs, Cardioversion, Automatic implantable defibrillators or an Artificial pacemaker. Arrhythmias are very serious. Arrhythmias that start in the lower chambers of the heart (the ventricles) are more serious than those that start in the upper chambers (the atria).
Prevention of Arrhythmia
Arrhythmias can be prevented by:
When to seek Medical Advice
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