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The formation or presence of a blood clot in a blood vessel. The vessel may be any vein or artery as, for example, in a deep vein thrombosis or a coronary (artery) thrombosis. The clot itself is termed a thrombus. If the clot breaks loose and travels through the bloodstream, it is a thromboembolism.
Alternative Names of Thrombosis are: Deep Venous Thrombosis.
Complications of Thrombosis
Complications of Thrombosis are secondary conditions, symptoms, or other disorders that are caused by Thrombosis. In many cases the distinction between symptoms of Thrombosis and complications of Thrombosis is unclear or arbitrary. The list of complications that have been mentioned in various sources for Thrombosis includes:
Causes of Thrombosis
Thrombosis occurs when a blood clot forms within a vein or an artery, slowing or stopping the flow of blood.
How the blood clots
Your blood contains cells called platelets and proteins, known as clotting factors, which together make up the blood-clotting mechanism. When a blood vessel is cut, the platelets and clotting factors in your blood mesh together to form a solid clot at the site of the wound. This clot acts as a plug to stop the wound bleeding. Normally, the blood-clotting mechanism is only triggered when a blood vessel is damaged and bleeds, such as when you cut yourself. Sometimes the blood may start to clot even when a blood vessel has not been damaged. If this happens, a blood clot can form within a vein or artery (thrombosis).
Thrombosis can occur for many different reasons. The main risk factors are:
However, the three main causes of thrombosis are:
In some cases, thrombosis may occur due to a combination of these factors.
Signs & Symptoms of Thrombosis
In about half of all cases, deep vein thrombosis occurs without any noticeable symptoms.
When signs and symptoms of deep vein thrombosis occur, they can include:
Diagnosis of Thrombosis
Treatments of Thrombosis
Prevention of Thrombosis
When to seek Medical Advice
Call the healthcare provider immediately if a clot is suspected.
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