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|Posted By : Dr.ASHIMA GOEL, MD DERMATOLOGY|
|Posted On : 29 Dec 2007 (Total Views : 3324)|
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What is Acne?
Acne is a common skin condition which most often begins in adolescence. The term is used to describe clogged pores and outbreaks of lesions commonly called pimples or zits. They are typically found on the face, neck, back, chest and shoulders.
What Causes Acne?
Acne is most commonly caused by the changes that occur in adolescence. Specifically, the hormones which prompt physical maturation also cause the sebaceous, or oil-producing glands of the skin, to produce more sebum (oil). When skin cells mix with an increase in sebum, pores are clogged and acne can result. Male hormones (androgens), present in both males and females, are the primary culprit in acne. Hormone fluctuations and cosmetics can also produce acne, notably in adult women.
Another cause of acne is heredity or genetics. Researchers believe that the tendency to develop acne can be inherited from parents. For example, studies have shown that many school-age boys with acne have a family history of the disorder. Certain drugs, including androgens and lithium, are known to cause acne. Greasy cosmetics may alter the cells of the follicles and make them stick together, producing a plug. Although you may hear that acne is not caused by greasy skin, greasy sking can still cause a problem.
Who Gets Acne?
What makes acne flare up?
MYTHS about acne?
Are There Different Types of Acne?
There are two classes of acne, Non-inflammatory and Inflammatory.
Acne can cause scars, particularly from severe acne (such as nodules) or from people picking, squeezing or popping their acne. This is why it is important to treat acne as soon as possible.
What is The Social and Emotional Impact?
While the "invisible" aspects of acne are often overlooked, the emotional and social impact may be as great as what is seen in serious, chronic conditions, including asthma, epilepsy, diabetes, back pain and arthritis.
Adolescents with acne may experience a range of emotional and social symptoms:
This is another reason why it is important to cure acne as early as possible.
BASIC ACNE SKIN CARE REGIMEN : -
Usually, mild acne skin care is done with soap and water. The logic is to not remove the dirt (as the majority of acne-inflicted person perceive) but to remove the plugs on the skin pores, which may be a combination of dead skin cells, bacteria and hardened sebum. Although dirt is not truly the cause of acne, it may contribute to further infection through its interaction with skin debris and particles and extra oil in the skin.
You should not vigorously scrub the face as this may result into an accelerated spread of the infection to other areas. A mild scrub will do. Minimize the use of seriously abrasive acne skin care products. This may cause more harm than good.
To further care for your skin, you should make use of the following acne routine:
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